A look at the several causes of industrialism

As such, the Agricultural Revolution is considered to have begun in the 17th century and continued throughout the centuries that followed, alongside the Industrial Revolution.

industrial revolution summary

However, since the Industrial Revolutionthe trend of urbanization along waterways has continued because large bodies of water are needed to sustain industry.

The revolution led to an increase in food production and helped increase the population on European societies.

Industrial revolution definition

This helped expand industrialization as it allowed European factories to produce goods on a much larger scale. I love Europe. A wide range of factors is generally considered to have worked together, including: The end of medieval structures changed economic relationships and allowed for change. A stock exchange was established in London in the s; the New York Stock Exchange was founded in the early s. A higher population because of less disease and lower infant mortality allows for a larger industrial workforce. A shift from manufacturing to service sectors of the economy. By the s, free trade had replaced protectionism as the dominant economic ideology in the industrialized world, creating new opportunities for industrialized and industrializing states as well as new challenges to the stability of the global economic system. Like, look, for instance, at the British textile industry: The invention of the flying shuttle by John Kay in dramatically increased the speed of weaving, which in turn created demand for yarn, which led to inventions like the Spinning Jenny and the water frame. Light and then heavy manufacturing moved to Asian production sites, as the cost of labor in the West rose.

Blueberries in February? By the end of the 19th century, nearly every society on Earth had been affected by the arrival of new products, new means of transportation, new weapons, and new ideas.

A look at the several causes of industrialism

Causes of Deindustrialization There are a number of reasons why a society might experience a reduction in manufacturing and other heavy industry. Thanks for watching!

Features of industrialization

Mainly, high wages combined with cheap fuel costs meant that it was economically efficient for manufacturers to look to machines as a way of lowering their production costs. By the s, free trade had replaced protectionism as the dominant economic ideology in the industrialized world, creating new opportunities for industrialized and industrializing states as well as new challenges to the stability of the global economic system. Workers also began to challenge traditional political systems, drawing on new ideologies to suggest alternatives the developing capitalist-industrial world in which they lived In this unit, we will survey the sweeping changes that industrialization brought to Europe and the rest of the world between the late 18th and midth centuries. For example, Britain was the first country to undergo the effects of the Industrial Revolution, and it used its vast empire to both gather resources and sell its newly manufactured goods. The innovations of the Industrial Revolution were intimately interconnected. In China, for example, industrial activity is responsible for record levels of water depletion and pollution , and in more than a quarter of the country's key rivers were deemed " unfit for human contact. And because it is rather heavy, steel needs railroads. But the wages question is a little different because it makes it sound like only Europeans were smart enough to pay high wages. Soon these processes were mechanized using water power, until the steam engine came along to make flying shuttles really fly in these huge cotton mills. This also led to an increase in food production, while also allowing the same amount of work to be done by less people. New ideas changed how people worked within these giant firms, resulting in even greater improvements in the speed and efficiency of production. The reasons for this change continue to fascinate historians, leading people to wonder if there was a set of preconditions present in Britain shortly before the Revolution which enabled or allowed it to take place.

This caused a mass migration of farmers to the town and cities in search of work. Industrialized European states forced their way into traditionally limited markets in both China and Japan during the midth century, flooding both countries with manufactured goods.

effects of industrial revolution

Completing this unit should take you approximately 4 hours.

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Crash Course World History: The Industrial Revolution (video)