A report on the dominant effect of a first impression bias fib
First impression research papers
David Larcker and Anastasia Zakolyukina's Detecting Deceptive Discussions in Conference Calls apply deception research to spot untruths by corporate CEOs and CFOs in calls with analysts, where ground truth is taken from subsequent restatements of earnings. Fred Cohen has a summary of deception research ; this explores psychological phemonena relevant to information system applications from fraud to warfare, and compares deception at different levels between humans, computers and organisations. They performed two studies of the dispositional and situational aspects of online trust and privacy in an attempt to establish whether trust and privacy are substitutes. Toward a broader view of security protocols , by Matt Blaze, advocates treating security protocols as phenomena of human interaction and gives a number of examples of protocols that have evolved over time to give the participants reciprocal benefits. Their paper When 25 Cents is too much: An Experiment on Willingness-To-Sell and Willingness-To-Protect Personal Information provides a nice exposition of the difference between willingness to pay and willingness to accept, with the latter usually being much higher, and discuss how this can also be applied. Boston, MA His Separating Fact From Fiction: An Examination of Deceptive Self-Presentation in Online Dating Profiles shows that men lied more about their height, and women lied more about their weight; the latter class of fibs seemed intentional rather than self-deception, and were balanced against social constraints such as the antitipcation of future interaction. Copyright notice Abstract Pulmonary vein PV reconnection is a major limitation of atrial fibrillation AF ablation and is a significant contributor for arrhythmia recurrence, particularly in patients with paroxysmal AF. The models in common use in the infosec community aren't anything like rich enough; worse, automation can pre-empt the negotiation process that's how we naturally behave around the sharing of sensitive information. Loving the Cyber Bomb? Less than human: self-deception in the imagining of others by David Livingstone Smith makes the point that self-deception is important in war; many people find it difficult to kill unless they can persuade themselves that the enemy is not fully human but somehow a predator or vermin. Others were asked via a frivolous website and divulged much more. Social Attitudes to Risk Taken Out of Context — American Teen Sociality in Networked Publics , which is danah boyd's thesis, is an ethnographic study of how American teenagers actually deal with risk and information security. The overall picture is of real usage being very different from websites' contract terms, and from the mental models used by security engineers. On the Economics of Anonymity by Alessandro Acquisti, Roger Dingledine and Paul Syverson studies why anonymity systems are hard to sell, and points out some of their novel aspects.
Our analysis of security problems can thus draw on the large literature on behavioral economics with its insights on risk aversion, the availability heuristic, mental accounting, and discounting.
The authors give a thorough literature review, describe a large number of scams, and then present four original studies of their own. Then they discuss how warnings and other dialogues can be made meaningful to the user, and finally how security usability can be tested.
First impression statistics 2018
See also Bruce's other essays on psychology and security. Understanding scam victims: seven principles for systems security by Frank Stajano and Paul Wilson examines a variety of scams and cons that were documented in the BBC TV programme "The Real Hustle", extracts the principles on which the scams were based, and applies them to system security. The media consistently exaggerate the capabilities of computer experts in order to create bogeymen; the resulting myth is nurtured by many who find it convenient, but it imposes costs from poor systems design to over-broad laws. Loving the Cyber Bomb? They first give a lot of examples of good and especially bad practice, then go on to discuss underlying cognitive biases that make usability engineering hard, then to present some guidelines for designing security interfaces. There are also survey papers: here is the latest , while an older survey is also available as a video with slides. Their techniques work significantly better than random see also comment in The Economist. Additional efforts to reduce pulmonary vein reconnection include the use adenosine to detect dormant PV to left atrial LA electrical conduction as well as identification of non-PV triggers. Conformity or Diversity: Social Implications of Transparency in Personal Data Processing by Rainer Boehme studies whether making information widely available about the bases on which decisions are taken about individuals will lead to more conformity because, in the absence of information asymmetries and strategic interaction with others, the optimal behaviour becomes mainstream or diversity as in the absence of transparency, individuals are herded together by uncertainty and fear. If only gay sex caused global warming by Daniel Gilbert is a psychologist's analysis of why we overreact to threats associated with moral norms, such as terrorism, while discounting morally-neutral threats like environmental damage.
There are some limits, though: people who are good at self-deception may be more susceptible to manipulation by others, as when abused or exploited people prefer to believe that their sufferings are their own fault. The Effect of Online Privacy Information on Purchasing Behavior: An Experimental Study by Janice Tsai, Serge Egelman, Lorrie Cranor and Alessandro Acquisti shows that by making information about website privacy policies more accessible and salient it is possible to get shoppers to pay more attention to it and even to pay a premium for privacy.
A report on the dominant effect of a first impression bias fib
Radiofrequency RF ablation not always results in myocardial cell death, but instead may cause injury associated with partial depolarization of the membrane to about - 60 mV. In fact, clinical studies have noted that a third of PVs that initially demonstrated bidirectional block following PVI reconnect spontaneously following a waiting period of minutes. Social Attitudes to Risk Taken Out of Context — American Teen Sociality in Networked Publics , which is danah boyd's thesis, is an ethnographic study of how American teenagers actually deal with risk and information security. Technology is increasing both the incentives and the opportunities for this. Defining privacy is hard; it can harm as well as help; and consumers have great difficulty evaluating the privacy consequences of their actions online. So equilibria can also be novel, and the ways in which they break down can be complex. Misplaced Confidences: Privacy and the Control Paradox by Laura Brandimarte, Alessandro Acquisti and George Loewenstein, explored the control paradox — the fact that we're more willing to reveal sensitive information than have the same information revealed by others. The Emperor's New Security Indicators , by Stuart Schechter, Rachna Dhamija, Andy Ozment and Ian Fischer, presents an empirical study of the security indicators on which banks and e-commerce websites rely to inform customers that all's well or not. His Separating Fact From Fiction: An Examination of Deceptive Self-Presentation in Online Dating Profiles shows that men lied more about their height, and women lied more about their weight; the latter class of fibs seemed intentional rather than self-deception, and were balanced against social constraints such as the antitipcation of future interaction. Liars who can make themselves believe their lies can lie fluently, and minimise retribution if discovered.
Liars who can make themselves believe their lies can lie fluently, and minimise retribution if discovered. One of the mechanisms is adverse selection: the people who end up in risk management jobs tend to be more risk-averse than average.
Radiofrequency RF ablation not always results in myocardial cell death, but instead may cause injury associated with partial depolarization of the membrane to about - 60 mV.
Jean Camp's Experimental Evaluation of Expert and Non-expert Computer Users' Mental Models of Security Risks explores empirically the differences between the mental models of information security risk used by experts and non-experts.
Deception To freeze or not to freezeby Sophie van der Zee and colleagues, shows how you may be able to build a better lie detector by analysing body motion Blog post Guardian Mail. Scams involve many of the other techniques used by legitimate marketers; people who are poor at regulating their emotions, and perhaps are socially isolated, may be disproportionately vulnerable, but some of them can be educated to resist scammers.
In Cars, Cholera and Cows: The Management of Risk and Uncertainty John Adams explores why organisations tend to be more risk-averse than rational economic considerations would dictate. So equilibria can also be novel, and the ways in which they break down can be complex.
based on 109 review