Probably because of the difficulty in transporting seeds they retain their viability a short time onlythe tree was not introduced into the Western Hemisphere until aboutwhen it was planted in Brazil ; it reached the West Indies about The smallest mangoes are no larger than plumswhile others may weigh 1.
Its form is oval, round, heart-shaped, kidney-shaped, or long and slender. Mangoes are a rich source of vitamins ACand D. Propagation is by grafting or budding. Mangoes were enjoyed at the court of the Delhi Sultan Alauddin Khijliand the Mughal Empire was especially fond of the fruits: Babur praises the mango in his Babarnamehwhile Sher Shah Suri inaugurated the creation of the Chaunsa variety after his victory over the Mughal emperor Humayun.
The flowers —small, pinkish, and fragrant—are borne in large terminal panicles loose clusters. The name mango, by which the fruit is known in English- and Spanish-speaking countries, is most likely derived from the Malayam manna, which the Portuguese adopted as manga when they came to Kerala in for the spice trade.
The tree is evergreenoften reaching 15—18 metres 50—60 feet in height and attaining great age. In rainy areas a fungal disease known as anthracnose destroys flowers and young fruits and is difficult to control.
Some varieties are vividly coloured with shades of red and yellow, while others are dull green.
Different varieties or cultivars of mangoes can have flavor made up of different volatile chemicals or same volatile chemicals in different quantities.
Mango motifs and paisleys are widely used in different Indian embroidery styles, and are found in Kashmiri shawls, Kanchipuram and silk sarees.
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