Overview of motivation and its theories business essay

He developed a concept called the hierarchy of needs, which he uses to interpret the different levels of needs individuals acquire.

Theories of motivation pdf

In the Nordstrom case, working at Nordstrom is appealing to many people because of the generous compensation packages. China Abstract: The aim of this paper is to compare and contrast the theories of motivation and how they are used to inspire employees to develop the drive to achieve. Thus it takes a more individualistic approach, since it varies from person to person. Employees should be promoted after completing certain stages of their career and should receive recognition for special achievements — for example, when they produce exceptional results in their subject areas; on a more basic level, they should also be given responsibility to determine how to handle tasks that relate to their jobs. A qualitative approach and theory based application were considered for this study. According to David and Anderzej , motivation can be understood as cognitive decision making in which the intension is to make the behavior that is aimed at achieving a certain goal through initiation and monitoring. While leading is often considered an active role, following can have a negative connotation, especially when seen as a passive, subordinate position. Managers should also recognise that workers are not all motivated in the same way and do not all move up the hierarchy at the same pace. There are several types of motivation such as Instinct and drive motivation. Based on the basic physical, biological, social and psychological needs of human beings, Maslow came up with a five-stage theory that places the needs of the individual in different categories and prioritizes their attainment. The potential problem with this theory is that there is a possibility of a relationship between what people desire and what they consider important. Cite Harvard Badubi, R. Importantly Herzberg viewed pay as a hygiene factor which is in direct contrast to Taylor who viewed pay, and piece-rate in particular Herzberg believed that businesses should motivate employees by adopting a democratic approach to management and by improving the nature and content of the actual job through certain methods.

In the Nordstrom case, working at Nordstrom is appealing to many people because of the generous compensation packages. Intrinsic motivational factors refer to motivators that come from within an individual Subscribe to email updates from tutor2u Business Join s of fellow Business teachers and students all getting the tutor2u Business team's latest resources and support delivered fresh in their inbox every morning.

However, it is important to discuss not only the theories themselves, but it is imperative to understand the associated communication implications in regards to each theory.

Motivation theory essay

Motivators are either intrinsic from within or extrinsic from without. The two theories are also similar in that though the Equity Theory is more psychological as compared to the Dual Factor Theory which has more practical implications, it cannot be denied that both have certain psychological factors motivating them. All of the needs are structured into a hierarchy see below and only once a lower level of need has been fully met, would a worker be motivated by the opportunity of having the next need up in the hierarchy satisfied. Motivation is therefore the force that transforms and uplifts people to be productive and perform in their jobs. Based on the basic physical, biological, social and psychological needs of human beings, Maslow came up with a five-stage theory that places the needs of the individual in different categories and prioritizes their attainment. In the first step, regarded by Herzberg as more fundamental of the two, a manager must try to get rid of the factors that cause dissatisfaction. People working in different kinds of industries obtain different rewards. Subscribe to email updates from tutor2u Business Join s of fellow Business teachers and students all getting the tutor2u Business team's latest resources and support delivered fresh in their inbox every morning. It is much related to desire and ambition and they all work in tandem Sasson, The idea is to derive satisfaction and minimize dissatisfaction in employees.

In life motivation will be needed to enhance the workforce in various ways, many organisations will use motivation to increase the percentage yield of an individual or to make an individual feel a part of the business or organisation.

Theory X basically holds the belief of autocratic managers that their employees has in inherent dislike for work and will avoid it if possible Taylor's approach has close links with the concept of an autocratic management style managers take all the decisions and simply give orders to those below them and Macgregor's Theory X approach to workers workers are viewed as lazy and wish to avoid responsibility.

What is motivation.

theories of motivation in psychology

In this book, Adair explores in depth the subject of leadership and motivation. It is motivation that retains employees in a company because improper motivation acts as a deterrent to productivity and joy.

However workers soon came to dislike Taylor's approach as they were only given boring, repetitive tasks to carry out and were being treated little better than human machines.

Conclusion of theories of motivation

Some of these rewards are salary, security, and health benefits When a need is satisfied, another need emerge to take its place, so that people are always striving to satisfy some need. You need everyone to share the same objective in order to succeed, not just a few people but all as one. These needs vary from person to person as everybody has their individual needs to motivate themselves. Empowerment means delegating more power to employees to make their own decisions over areas of their working life. Their absence however, caused neither satisfaction nor dissatisfaction. Every person has different values, experiences and temperaments that affect motivation driving them to secure basic needs or to strive past them. In Study 1, Blackwell and colleagues followed four waves of junior high students, beginning in 7th grade, over a five-year period. As a result of this study he considered motivation to be a dual structured phenomenon. These theories put forward to the managers, not the workers. Finally, even if a manager thinks his or her subordinates are equal, the employees themselves may not feel this is the case. Another criticism leveled against it is that it makes assumptions that every individual will react in the same way in the similar situation. We will first compare both theories and then explain the ERG theory, and finally the equity theory. The idea is to derive satisfaction and minimize dissatisfaction in employees. Workers or people can exercise caution and discipline to have objectives achieved, but the hunger in their desire to commit to objectives is dependent on how big are the rewards as assigned to that kind of achievement.

According to Sigmund Freud, we are compelled to act by unconscious forces within us, which he called our id Hofstede, Content and process theories of motivation will be evaluated with particular emphasis on the links between motivation and leadership

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